Miniaturized Fluorimetric Method for Quantification of Zinc in Dry Dog Food

Miniaturized Fluorimetric Method for Quantification of Zinc in Dry Dog Food

Rute C. Martins;  Ana M. Pereira; Elisabete Matos; Luisa Barreiros; António J. M. Fonseca; Ana R. J. Cabrita; Marcela A. Segundo

Zinc is an essential trace element for animals in several biological processes, particularly in energy production, and it is acquired from food ingestion. In this context, a microplate-based fluorimetric assay was developed for simple, fast, and low-cost determination of zinc in pet food using 2,2′-((4-(2,7-difluoro-3,6-dihydroxy-4aH-xanthen-9-yl)-3-methoxyphenyl)azanediyl)diacetic acid (FluoZin-1) as fluorescent probe. Several aspects were studied, namely, the stability of the fluorescent product over time, the FluoZin-1 concentration, and the pH of reaction media. The developed methodology provided a limit of detection of 1 μg L−1 in sample acid digests, with a working range of 10 to 200 μg L−1, corresponding to 100–2000 mg of Zn per kg of dry dog food samples. Intraday repeatability and interday repeatability were assessed, with relative standard deviation values < 3.4% (100 μg L−1) and <11.7% (10 μg L−1). Sample analysis indicated that the proposed fluorimetric assay provided results consistent with ICP-MS analysis. These results demonstrated that the developed assay can be used for rapid determination of zinc in dry dog food.

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